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If you’re young and from an eligible country, the Working Holiday visa Australia (subclass 417) offers you an amazing opportunity to travel and work in Australia. You’ll experience life in another culture, meet lots of people your age from all over the world and get to explore one of the most beautiful countries in the world.

Defined as “a temporary visa for young people who want to holiday and work in Australia for up to a year”, the Working Holiday visa Australia is a hugely popular choice for backpackers. Although it only lasts a year, it also allows you to apply for a second 12-month Working Holiday visa to use before you turn 31 if you’ve completed three months of specified regional work (usually farm work).

This blog post will outline the cost, age limit and conditions of the 417 visa as well as the alternative 462 visa (for those not on the eligible country list) to help you determine whether you’re eligible. But keep reading past the facts and I’ll explain why Australia is such a brilliant country for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.


Working Holiday Visa Australia (Subclass 417): Eligible Countries

I actually didn’t realise the list of eligible countries for the Australia Working Holiday visa was so short until I researched it for this blog post. If your country isn’t on the list there is an alternative visa, so keep reading.

A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.

Me in Perth in 2015 with my Japanese friend, Maika, who’d just arrived in Australia on a Working Holiday visa

To qualify for the 417 visa, you will need to have a passport from one of the following countries:

  • Belgium
  • Canada
  • Republic of Cyprus
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hong Kong
  • Republic of Ireland
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Republic of Korea
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Taiwan
  • United Kingdom

Working Holiday Visa Australia (Subclass 417): Cost & Conditions

The 417 visa costs $440 AUD if you apply over the internet. As well as limitations on which country you need to come from, you also need to meet the following conditions:

  • be at least 18 but not yet 31 (the government is considering increasing the age limit from 30 to 35)
  • not have a dependent child accompanying you at any time during your stay in Australia
  • have enough money to support yourself during the working holiday (about $5,000 AUD)
  • have enough money to buy a return or onward ticket at the end of your stay
  • have not previously entered Australia on a 462 visa
  • meet character and health requirements
  • be a genuine visitor who wants to holiday in Australia
A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.

My travel mate, Michi, who used his first and second Working Holiday visas consecutively before turning 31


Work and Holiday Visa Australia (Subclass 462): An Alternative Option

If you do not hold a passport from one of the 19 countries on the list above, there is an alternative Work and Holiday visa (subclass 462) (note the slightly different wording).

The difference with the 462 visa compared to the 417 visa is that you’ll also need to meet educational requirements, provide a letter of support from your government (unless you’re from Israel, China, Singapore or the USA) and provide evidence of functional English. For further information read about the 462 visa on the Home Affairs website.

A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.

Having a group dinner in a Byron Bay hostel in 2016 with backpackers from the USA, France, Australia and Denmark – that’s me on the right.

The 462 visa is for people with passports from:

  • Argentina
  • Bangladesh
  • Chile
  • China, People’s Republic of
  • Hungary
  • Indonesia
  • Israel
  • Luxembourg
  • Malaysia
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • San Marino
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • USA
  • Uruguay
  • Vietnam

Note that Austria and the Czech Republic are due to be added.


What Does the Working Holiday Visa Australia Allow You to Do?

On a 417 or 462 visa, you’ll be allowed to:

  • stay in Australia for up to 12 months
  • work in Australia, generally for six months with each employer (read here for details and exceptions)
  • study for up to four months
  • leave and re-enter Australia any number of times while the visa is valid
A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.

Michi and other backpackers working on a construction site in Perth


Working Holiday Visa Australia: Processing Times

According to the Home Affairs website, 75% of 417 visa applications were processed in under 11 days during December 2017, and 90% in under 32 days.

For the 462 visa during the same month, 75% of visa applications were processed in under 8 days, and 90% in under 41 days.


Why Australia is a Great Country for First-Time Travellers

If you’ve never travelled before and feel a bit nervous about it (it would be unusual if you didn’t!), Australia is a very easy place to start. It’s English speaking, pretty safe and the people here are very friendly and well-accustomed to tourists. If you’re from a western country you’re not going to feel that much culture shock.

I was only 20 when I first backpacked around Australia during my exchange year to the University of Queensland in Brisbane, and it gave me the confidence to book a round-the-world trip by myself after I graduated, and enough of a taste of Australia to return on a Working Holiday visa to see more (and eventually live here long term as a permanent resident!). Check out my blog post on solo travel for more inspiration!

A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.

Me and my university friends from Brisbane on a trip to Fraser Island back in 2002

Tourism is so huge in Australia that they’ve made it extremely easy to get around. There are hostels everywhere (here’s my overview of what hostels are like in Australia), loads of campsites, a wide range of transport options such as tour buses, public coaches and trains, as well as cars and campervans to buy or hire. There’s also a wealth of blogs such as this one giving you free advice on what to see and do.

Once you’re used to the travelling lifestyle and meeting new people all the time, you’ll feel much more confident visiting other countries that have a very different culture to your own.


Why You Should Travel and Work in Australia

Australia is an absolutely beautiful country with a hugely diverse landscape. You can have entire beaches all to yourself, swim with dolphins and sea lions, dive and snorkel the Great Barrier Reef, climb mountains, ski, surf and kayak, hike through pristine rainforest and camp in the outback.

There is a ridiculous number of national parks and world heritage sites in Australia, as well as big cities and nightlife. There really is something for everyone.

A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.

Swimming with sea lions and dolphins in Baird Bay, South Australia

Since there are so many backpackers in Australia you’ll meet people from all over the world. Most people travel alone and are keen to socialise, and if you stay in hostels you’ll easily make friends. Remember that the visa is only open to those under 31, so do seize the opportunity before it’s too late! It’s so much fun travelling in your twenties when you don’t have any responsibilities.

If you’re not a native English speaker, a year working in Australia is a great opportunity to improve your English. I know this is a big aim for many people on working holiday visas.

A working holiday is also a great opportunity to try out living and working in Australia if you think this is something you may be interested in doing in the future. And since you’ll already have the right to work here, you may have the chance to get your foot in the door with a company that could sponsor you (this is when a company you work for organises a long-term working visa for you, which can lead to permanent residency).

If you’re not ready for that yet and you complete the regional work for your second Working Holiday visa in Australia, you can always come back and use your second visa a few years later once you’ve got some work experience and try to get a sponsorship then.


To read more about the 417 visa and apply, visit the 417 visa page on the Home Affairs website. For the 462 visa, follow this link. (Make sure you scroll down and click on the “About this visa”, “Visa applicants” and “Visa holders” tabs as this is where most of the information is held.)

To read a more personal review of what backpacking Australia is really like, check out this interview with my German friend Michi, where he describes his experience on a two-year working holiday in Australia! It includes tips on how he maintained his fitness on the road and how he found work in construction in Perth and Melbourne.

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A guide to the Working Holiday visa Australia (417) and Work and Holiday visa (462), including cost, age limit and conditions. Discover why Australia is a great place for first-time travellers and the benefits of travelling and working in Australia.